BASIC CRITERIA FOR THE AWARD OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL LABEL
Recycled Papers RAL-UZ 14
1 Preliminary Remarks:

1.1
In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental Label.
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental Label.
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.

1.2
The use of waste paper, especially low and medium waste paper grades, for the production of recycled papers helps to reduce the waste load caused by waste paper. Moreover, it goes without the environmental impact usually resulting from the production of pulp and wood-pulp.
In an ecological comparison of systems paper products made of waste paper do much better than paper products made of primary fibres using wood as source of fibre raw material with regard to consumption of resources, waste-water load, water and energy consumption.



2 Scope
These Basic Criteria shall apply to recycled papers and recycled paper products for use in those fields in which products made of primary fibres can be replaced.
These are:

2.1
Recycled paper for graphic work weighing up to 170 g/m2in accordance with the Grades Statistics "Office and Administration Papers" and the Grades Statistics „Printing and Press Papers“ issued by the Verband Deutscher Papierfabriken e.V (Association of German Paper Manufacturers, Reg. Assoc.) (Annexes 1 and 2 to the Basic Criteria RAL-UZ 14),

2.2
Products made of recycled graphical paper, e.g. for the product line of exercise books, envelopes, dispatch bags, blocks, colouring books, calendars, printed products and products of the press, operating instructions, invoice blocks, posters, photo bags.

2.3
Covering paper, e.g. for painter's and lacquerer's work.

2.4
Duplicating paper and auto-copying paper.



3 Requirements and Compliance Verifications
The products under paragraph 2 may be marked with the Environmental Label shown on page 1, provided that they comply with the following requirements:

3.1
The papermaking fibres of the products under para. 2 must be made of 100% waste paper (tolerance: 5%).
Waste paper is the general term for papers and boards obtained as a result of use or processing.
Paper-mill broke shall not be considered as waste paper (except for the broke obtained as a result of the manufacture of paper from 100% waste paper material - related to the amount of fibre used).
The specification of the waste paper grades can be seen from Annex 3 to these Basic Criteria RAL-UZ 14.

3.2
Recycled papers must contain at least 65% of low, medium, kraft-containing and special waste paper grades (categories 1, 2, 4 and 5, except for the individual grades 4.01 and 4.07).

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall declare compliance with requirements 3.1 and 3.2 and use List A in Annex 2 to the Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 14 to indicate the average share of the waste paper grades used belonging to the categories 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. In addition, the applicant shall declare that the individual grades 4.01 and 4.07 have not been used. The applicant shall present a product sample.

3.3
The products according to para. 2 must comply with the following requirements:

3.3.1
The detectable content of formaldehyde in the final product must not exceed 1.0 mg/dm2 (Analysis method: see „Methods for the testing analysis of paper, cardboard and paperboard“, in Part B II of the 36th Recommendation of the Bundesinstitut für Ge-sundheitlichen Verbraucherschutz und Veterinärmedizin (Federal Office for Consumer Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine) "Papiere, Kartons und Pappen für den Lebensmittelkontakt" (Paper, Cardboard and Paperboard for Food Contact).

3.3.2
In addition, the production of recycled paper must be done without the use of chemical additives containing glyoxal.

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall prove compliance with requirement 3.3.1 by presentation of a test report by an independent testing institute and shall declare compliance with requirement 3.3.2.

3.4
The use of colorants presupposes compliance with the following requirements.

3.4.1

Azo pigments which may split off the following amines must not be used as colorants:

   CAS-No.
 4-aminodiphenyl  92-67-1
 4-aminoazobenzene  60-09-3
 benzidine  92-87-5
 4-chloro-o-toluidine  95-69-2
 2-naphtylamine  91-59-8
 o-aminoazotoluene  97-56-3
 2-amino-4-nitrotoluene  99-55-8
 p-chloroaniline  106-47-8
 2,4'-diaminoanisole  615-05-4
 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane  101-77-9
 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine  91-94-1
 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine  119-90-4
 3,3'-dimethylbenzidine  119-93-7
 3,3'-dimethyl - 4,4'diaminodiphenylmethane  838-88-0
 p-cresidine  120-71-8
 4,4'-methylene-bis-(2-chloroaniline)  101-14-4
 2-methoxyaniline  90-04-0
 4,4'-oxidianiline  101-80-4
 4,4'-thiodianiline  139-65-1
 o-toluidine  95-53-4
 2,4-toluylenediamine  95-80-7
 2,4,5-trimethylaniline  137-17-7

3.4.2
Colorants (i.e. pigments or dyes) containing mercury, lead, cadmium or chromium VI compounds as constituent parts must not be used.

Compliance Verification

The applicant shall prove compliance with requirements 3.4.1 and 3.4.2 by presentation of a declaration of the colorant supplier according to Annex 2 to the Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 14.

3.5
No colorants, surface refinement agents and coating materials may be used
- which are classified according to Section 4a of the "Gefahrstoffverordnung" (Ordinance on Hazardous Substances) in connection with Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC (List of Hazardous Substances and Preparations) and which - according to Annex III to Directive 67/548/EEC - require marking with the following R-set danger criteria:
R 40 (may cause irreversible damage),
R 45 (may cause cancer),
R 46 (may cause genetic damage),
R 61 (may be harmful to the embryo)
R 63 (may possibly be harmful to the embryo)
- which in the MAK-value list *), as amended, are classified as carcinogenic or suspected of having a carcinogenic potential according to MAK III1, III2, III3 or according to EC category Carc.Cat1, Carc.Cat2 or Carc.Cat3,
- which according to TRGS 905, as amended, are classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic substances.

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall prove compliance with the above requirement by presenting a test report (recipe test) of an independent testing institute according to Annex 3 to the Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 14 to be submitted by the supplier. Test reports prepared by the supplier himself shall be considered equivalent if signed by the head of the firm's product development department or comparable technical departments.

3.6
For the coating of duplicating paper, auto-copying paper and thermosensitive paper only those substances may be used which comply with the additional conditions under paras. 3.6.1 or 3.6.2.:

3.6.1
The EC50, LC50 or IC50 1) resulting from at least two acute tests for aquatic toxicity exceed 100 mg/l or no effects occur in these tests up to the maximum water-solubility or up to the suspensibility of the substance in the test medium. The NOEC 2) derived from at least one long-term test for aquatic toxicity exceeds 1 mg/l or no effects occur in this test up to the maximum water-solubility or suspensibility of the substance in the test medium;
or

3.6.2
the EC50, LC50 or IC50 1) resulting from at least two acute tests for aquatic toxicity exceed 50 mg/l, the log Pow is less than 3.0 3) and the substances are easily biodegradable. 4)

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall prove compliance with the above requirement by presenting a test report of an independent testing institute. In addition, the applicant shall present Safety Data Sheets of the substances along with the tests required.

3.7
The processing of waste papers must be done without the use of chlorine, halogenated bleaching agents and hardly biodegradable complexing agents, such as for example, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and diethylenetriamine pentacetate (DTPA). No optical brighteners may be added for the production and refinement of papers.

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall declare compliance with the above requirement. In addition, the applicant shall use List B in Annex 1 to Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 14 to name the bleaching and complexing agents used.

3.8
Final products primarily designed for the target group "children", such as for example colouring books, exercise books and drawing blocks, must comply with the requirements of DIN EN 71, Part 3, "Safety of Children's Toys".

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall declare compliance with the above requirement.

3.9
If technical demands on individual paper grades are laid down in German Industrial Standards (DIN) compliance must always refer to the last-amended version of the respective standard. This applies, for example, to:
DIN EN 12858 - continuous papers
DIN 6733 - envelope paper
DIN 19307 - paper and cardboard for office purposes
DIN 19309 - copying papers.

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall declare compliance with the above requirement.

3.10
If technical demands on individual paper grades are laid down in German Industrial Standards (DIN) compliance must always refer to the last-amended version of the respective standard. This applies, for example, to:
DIN EN 12858 - continuous papers
DIN 6733 - envelope paper
DIN 19307 - paper and cardboard for office purposes
DIN 19309 - copying papers.

Compliance Verification
The applicant shall prove compliance with the requirement by presenting a test report of an independent testing institute.
Applications for Products according to para. 2.2

3.11
Applicants for products under para. 2.2 shall prove compliance with the requirements according to para. 3 as follows:

3.11.1
either like the applicants for products under para. 2.1, i.e. by the compliance verifications under paras. 3.1 - 3.10 or

3.11.2
by way of substitution, by means of a written declaration stating that the product under para. 2.2 is exclusively made of paper marked with the Environmental Label. In addition, the applicant shall indicate the type of paper and its manufacturer and submit the compliance verifications according to paras. 3.3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.8, 3.9 and 3.10.



4 Applicants and the Parties Involved

4.1
Manufacturers of products under para. 2 shall be eligible for application.

4.2
The following parties are involved in the award procedure:
RAL, Umweltbundesamt [Federal Environmental Agency] and the Federal State where the production plant is located that manufactures the product to be marked with the Environmental Label.



5 Use of the Environmental Label

5.1
The terms governing the use of the Environmental Label shown on page 1 by the applicant are stipulated by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL.

5.2
If the Environmental Label is shown on printed products or similar products pursuant to para. 2 the applicant (publisher or editor) shall make sure that the Environmental Label stands out well against the contents (e.g. by reproducing it in the imprint, in the top or bottom lines of the respective printed products or similar products) and that it is absolutely clear that the Environmental Label has been awarded for the recycled paper exclusively.

5.3
Within the scope of such contract the applicant undertakes to comply with the requirements under paragraph 3 as long as the Environmental Label is used.

5.4
Contracts on the Use of the Environmental Label are concluded to fix the terms for the marking of the products according to para. 2. Such contracts shall run until December 31, 2005.
They shall be extended by periods of one year each, unless the contract is terminated in writing by March 31, 2005 or by March 31 of the respective year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall not affect products being still in the market.

5.5
The applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an extension of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the label if it is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under other marketing organizations.

5.6
The Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label shall give the following particulars

5.6.1
Applicant (Manufacturer)

5.6.2
Brand/trade name, product designation

5.6.3
Distributor (label user), i.e. the marketing organization pursuant to para. 5.4 _________________________

*) Maximale Arbeitsplatzkonzentration und biologische Arbeitsstofftoleranzwerte (Maximum concentration at the place of work and biological tolerance values for working materials), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Society for the Advancement of Scientific Research), Senatskommission zur Prüfung ge-sundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe (Senate Commission for the testing of hazardous substances), Wiley-VCH Weinheim, 36th Communication, or as amended.
1) Determined according to OECD Guideline 202, Part I, on daphnia (effect concentration EC50), OECD Guideline 203 on fish (lethal concentration LC50), OECD Guideline 201 on algae (inhibition concentration IC50) or according to comparable approved standard methods.
2) Determined according to OECD Guideline 202, Part II, or OECD Guideline 211 on daphnia or OECD Guideline 204 (extended to 21 days, NOEC related to the growth (length and weight) of young animals) or OECD Guideline on fish or according to comparable approved standard methods (no observed effect concentration - NOEC).
3)
Determined according to OECD Guideline 107
4)
Determined according to OECD Guideline 301 A - E
 
  Ausgabe: März 2001
Preisgruppe: 1a
© 2001 RAL, Sankt Augustin
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