Products made from Recycled Plastics RAL-UZ 30a

1 Preliminary Remarks:

In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental Label.
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental Label.
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.

So far, plastic wastes of consumed or worn plastic products collected from households, agriculture, trade and industry have hardly been forwarded to high-quality recycling.
It is, however, possible to manufacture environmentally acceptable products from these plastic wastes. Awarding the Environmental Label to these products is to promote this kind of recycling.

2 Scope
These Basic Criteria shall apply to finished products made from recycled plastics provided that they replace primary plastics in their fields of application. Also admitted are palisades, fences, estate railings for outdoor use as well as composting silos and composters. 1)
Within the meaning of these Basic Criteria recycled plastics shall be moulding materials which are type-specific, kind-specific or similar in kind and obtained from used products.
Excluded are:
- polyvinyl chloride,
- polyurethane expanded by means of completely or partly halogenated organic propellants,
- production or processing wastes as well as returned defective products.
If properly used, granulates from plastic wastes must not get into the ground.

3 Requirements
The above-shown Environmental Label may be used for the marking of the finished products mentioned in paragraph 2, provided that they comply with following requirements:

The share of recycled plastics in the finished product must be at least 80%.
Recycled plastics shall be
- type-specific:
Recycled plastics are type-specific if they consist of one plastic of one particular manufacturer only and if they are known by one product name only.
- similar in kind
Recycled plastics are similar in kind if they are made of the two sorts of plastic: polyethylene and polypropylene.

The provisions of the "Chemikalienverbotsverordnung" (Ordinance to Ban Certain Chemicals), as amended, shall be observed.

No substances 2) may be added to the recycled plastics which:

are classified according to Section 4a of the „Gefahrstoffverordnung“ 3) (Ordinance on Hazardous Substances) in connection with Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC 4) (List of hazardous substances and preparations) and which - according to Annex III to Directive 67/548/EEC - require marking with the following R-set danger criteria:
R 40 (possible irreversible damage)
R 45 (may cause cancer)
R 46 (may cause genetic damage)
R 61 (may be harmful to the embryo)
R 63 (may possibly be harmful to the embryo).

in TRGS 905 5) or in the MAK-value-List 6), as amended, are classified as
a) carcinogenic according to EC Category Carc. Cat. 1, Carc. Cat. 2 or Carc. Cat. 3 or according to the MAK classification III1, III2, III3;
b) mutagenic according to EC Category Mut. Cat. 1, Mut. Cat. 2 or Mut. Cat. 3 or M1, M2, or M3;
c) teratogenic according to EC Category Repr. Cat 1, Repr. Cat 2 or Repr. Cat 3 or RE/F 1, RE/F2 or RE/F3.

or which according to scientific knowledge must be classified in one of the categories under para. 3.3.2 as carcinogenic, teratogenic or mutagenic or have sensitizing or other chronically damaging properties or which as such or as their impurities or decomposition products are apt to cause considerable risk or considerable disadvantage for the public.

3.3.4 Exception:
Production-related impurities of substances under paras.3.3.1 and 3.3.2 must not exceed 0.01 weight per cent in the additive.
Notwithstanding this, carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic substances shall be minimized in keeping with the latest technological findings.

Apart from that, substances or preparations 1) included in the publication of the list of hazardous substances and preparations 3) pursuant to Section 4a, para. 1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances 4), as amended, or which pursuant to Section 4a, para. 3, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, are:

classified or marked as "health damaging" (Xn), "irritating" (Xi), "caustic" (C), must not exceed a maximum content of 50.0 weight per cent of the limiting concentration in the final product calculated according to Annex II, No. 1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances;

classified on the basis their physico-chemical properties, may be included in the final product up to a maximum content up to which a risk marking according Annex II, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, with a symbol pursuant to Annex I, No. 2, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, or with the R-rates according to Annex I, No. 3, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, would not be required.

The products shall meet the usual standards of serviceability and safety.

The plastic parts shall be marked in accordance with DIN ISO 11 469.

4 Compliance Verifications

Applicant shall add product information and advertising literature to his/her application documents.

Applicant shall indicate the qualitative composition and the origin of the recycled plastics as well as their share in the finished product.

The trade names as well as the chemical designations shall be given for all additives used. The applicant shall present English of German versions of actual saftey data sheets according to EC Directive 91/155/EEC for all additives used or preparations added.

Applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements according to paras. 3.2, 3.5 and 3.6.

5 Applicants and the Parties Involved

Manufacturers of finished products made from recycled plastics pursuant to paragraph 2 shall be eligible for application.

The following parties are involved in the award procedure:
RAL, Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environmental Agency) and the Federal State where the production plant is located that manufactures the products to be marked with the Environmental Label.

6 Use of the Environmental Label

The terms governing applicant's use of the Environmental Label shown on page 1 are stipulated by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL.

Within the scope of such contract the applicant undertakes to comply with the requirements under para. 3 as long as he/she makes use of the Environmental Label.

For the marking of products according to para. 2 above Contracts on the Use of the Environmental Label are concluded. These contracts shall run until December 31, 2003. They shall be extended by periods of one year each, unless the contract is terminated in writing by March 31, 2003 or by the 31st of March of the respective year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall not affect the products being still in the market.

Applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an extension of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the label if it is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under other marketing organizations.

The contract on the use of the Environmental Label shall give the following particulars:

Applicant (manufacturer)

Brand/trade name and product designation

Distributor (label user), i.e. the marketing organization pursuant to para. 6.4.
1) Apart from that, the Environmental Label shall be entitled to extend the scope of application at any time.
2) Terms in the sense of Section 3, No. 1 or No. 4, resp., of the publication of the revised version of the Chemicals Act, dated July, 25, 1994.
3) Announcement of the new publication of the Ordinance of Hazardous Substances dated 18.10.1999, BGBl 1999, 2059.
4) Official Journal of the European Communities published by the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the Federal Gazette (continous publication).
5) Revised version of TRGS 905 - List of carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic substances (Edition June 1997).
6) Maximum concentration at the place of work and biological tolerance values for working materials, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Senate Commission for the testing of hazardous substances, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Communication 36th (2000) or in its current version.

  Ausgabe: April 2001
Preisgruppe: 1a
© 2001 RAL, Sankt Augustin

If there are any questions about the basic criteria, please click here. You will be led to the RAL-contact-page.

Of course, you can also send an e-mail to: