1 Preliminary Remarks:
In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation
and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the
results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label
Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the
Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the
Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they
comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.
So far, plastic wastes of consumed or worn plastic products collected
from households, agriculture, trade and industry have hardly been forwarded
to high-quality recycling.
It is, however, possible to manufacture environmentally acceptable products
from these plastic wastes. Awarding the Environmental Label to these products
is to promote this kind of recycling.
These Basic Criteria shall apply to finished products made from recycled
plastics provided that they replace primary plastics in their fields of
application. Also admitted are palisades, fences, estate railings for
outdoor use as well as composting silos and composters.
Within the meaning of these Basic Criteria recycled plastics shall be
moulding materials which are type-specific, kind-specific or similar in
kind and obtained from used products.
- polyvinyl chloride,
- polyurethane expanded by means of completely or partly halogenated organic
- production or processing wastes as well as returned defective products.
If properly used, granulates from plastic wastes must not get into the
The above-shown Environmental Label may be used for the marking of the
finished products mentioned in paragraph 2, provided that they comply
with following requirements:
The share of recycled plastics in the finished product must be at least
Recycled plastics shall be
Recycled plastics are type-specific if they consist of one plastic of
one particular manufacturer only and if they are known by one product
- similar in kind
Recycled plastics are similar in kind if they are made of the two sorts
of plastic: polyethylene and polypropylene.
The provisions of the "Chemikalienverbotsverordnung" (Ordinance
to Ban Certain Chemicals), as amended, shall be observed.
No substances 2) may be
added to the recycled plastics which:
are classified according to Section 4a of the Gefahrstoffverordnung
3) (Ordinance on Hazardous
Substances) in connection with Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC 4)
(List of hazardous substances and preparations) and which - according
to Annex III to Directive 67/548/EEC - require marking with the following
R-set danger criteria:
R 40 (possible irreversible damage)
R 45 (may cause cancer)
R 46 (may cause genetic damage)
R 61 (may be harmful to the embryo)
R 63 (may possibly be harmful to the embryo).
in TRGS 905 5) or in the
MAK-value-List 6), as amended,
are classified as
a) carcinogenic according to EC Category Carc. Cat. 1, Carc. Cat.
2 or Carc. Cat. 3 or according to the MAK classification III1, III2, III3;
b) mutagenic according to EC Category Mut. Cat. 1, Mut. Cat. 2
or Mut. Cat. 3 or M1, M2, or M3;
c) teratogenic according to EC Category Repr. Cat 1, Repr. Cat
2 or Repr. Cat 3 or RE/F 1, RE/F2
or which according to scientific knowledge must be classified in one of
the categories under para. 3.3.2 as carcinogenic, teratogenic or mutagenic
or have sensitizing or other chronically damaging properties or which
as such or as their impurities or decomposition products are apt to cause
considerable risk or considerable disadvantage for the public.
Production-related impurities of substances under paras.3.3.1 and 3.3.2
must not exceed 0.01 weight per cent in the additive.
Notwithstanding this, carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic substances
shall be minimized in keeping with the latest technological findings.
Apart from that, substances or preparations 1)
included in the publication of the list of hazardous substances and preparations
3) pursuant to Section 4a,
para. 1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances 4),
as amended, or which pursuant to Section 4a, para. 3, Ordinance on Hazardous
classified or marked as "health damaging" (Xn), "irritating"
(Xi), "caustic" (C), must not exceed a maximum content of 50.0
weight per cent of the limiting concentration in the final product calculated
according to Annex II, No. 1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances;
classified on the basis their physico-chemical properties, may be included
in the final product up to a maximum content up to which a risk marking
according Annex II, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, with a symbol pursuant
to Annex I, No. 2, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, or with the R-rates
according to Annex I, No. 3, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, would
not be required.
The products shall meet the usual standards of serviceability and safety.
The plastic parts shall be marked in accordance with DIN ISO 11 469.
4 Compliance Verifications
Applicant shall add product information and advertising literature to
his/her application documents.
Applicant shall indicate the qualitative composition and the origin of
the recycled plastics as well as their share in the finished product.
The trade names as well as the chemical designations shall be given for
all additives used. The applicant shall present English of German versions
of actual saftey data sheets according to EC Directive 91/155/EEC for
all additives used or preparations added.
Applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements according to
paras. 3.2, 3.5 and 3.6.
5 Applicants and the Parties Involved
Manufacturers of finished products made from recycled plastics pursuant
to paragraph 2 shall be eligible for application.
The following parties are involved in the award procedure:
RAL, Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environmental Agency) and the Federal State
where the production plant is located that manufactures the products to
be marked with the Environmental Label.
6 Use of the Environmental Label
The terms governing applicant's use of the Environmental Label shown on
page 1 are stipulated by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label
to be concluded with RAL.
Within the scope of such contract the applicant undertakes to comply with
the requirements under para. 3 as long as he/she makes use of the Environmental
For the marking of products according to para. 2 above Contracts on the
Use of the Environmental Label are concluded. These contracts shall run
until December 31, 2003. They shall be extended by periods of one year
each, unless the contract is terminated in writing by March 31, 2003 or
by the 31st of March of the respective year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be
used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall
not affect the products being still in the market.
Applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an extension
of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the label if
it is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under other
The contract on the use of the Environmental Label shall give the following
Brand/trade name and product designation
Distributor (label user), i.e. the marketing organization pursuant
to para. 6.4.
1) Apart from that, the Environmental
Label shall be entitled to extend the scope of application at any time.
2) Terms in the sense of Section 3, No. 1 or No.
4, resp., of the publication of the revised version of the Chemicals Act,
dated July, 25, 1994.
3) Announcement of the new publication of the Ordinance
of Hazardous Substances dated 18.10.1999, BGBl 1999, 2059.
4) Official Journal of the European Communities
published by the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the
Federal Gazette (continous publication).
5) Revised version of TRGS 905 - List of carcinogenic,
mutagenic or teratogenic substances (Edition June 1997).
6) Maximum concentration at the place of work and
biological tolerance values for working materials, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft,
Senate Commission for the testing of hazardous substances, Wiley-VCH,
Weinheim, Communication 36th (2000) or in its current version.