1 Preliminary Remarks:
In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation
and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the
results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label
Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the
Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the
Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they
comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.
Award of the Environmental Label to building materials and auxiliary building
materials primarily made from waste glass is to promote the use of glass
wastes for construction purposes which are difficult to recycle because
of their non-homogeneous composition.
Waste glass according to para. 1.2 is residual glass arising outside applicant's
firm and which - if not recycled - would have to be disposed of as wastes,
e.g. container glass from waste-glass collections, broken glass from the
beverage industry, flat glass processing, etc. (external recycling of
residual material for the purpose of waste avoidance).
Broken glass, glass wastes and rock wool wastes arising inside applicant's
own firm(s) (internal recycling of residual material) shall not be considered
as waste glass within the meaning of these Basic Criteria RAL-UZ 49.
These Basic Criteria apply to building materials and auxiliary building
materials for overground workings, such as heat insulators, building blocks,
mortar for lightweight walls, plaster and building materials, ceiling
slabs and lightweight concrete.
Excluded are glass wool and other glass fibers which contain or set free
fibre dusts which are according to the criteria laid down in TRGS 905
classified as carcinogenic or suspected of causing cancer.
The Environmental Label shown on page 1 may be used for the marking of
products listed under paragraph 2, provided that they comply with the
The products must be primarily made from waste glass. They must not contain
any screen glass.
The waste glass content of the finished product (building materials and
auxiliary building materials) must be at least 51 weight per cent, or
in those cases where building materials are manufactured by the use of
auxiliary building materials made from waste glass, the waste glass content
of the finished product must be at least 70% by volume. Auxiliary building
materials made from waste glass must fully substitute other auxiliary
building materials serving the same purpose (e.g. expanded clay, expanded
shale, sand and gravel).
The products must not contain any substances 1)
are listed in Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC 2)
or in the publication of the List of Dangerous Substances and Preparations
3) according to Section
4a, para. 1, Gefahrstoffverordnung (Ordinance on Hazardous Substances)
4), as amended, or must
be classified according to Section 4a, para. 3, Ordinance on Hazardous
Substances, and marked with the danger criteria/symbols and characteristic
letters "very toxic" (T+), "toxic" (T), "carcinogenic",
"mutagenic", "teratogenic" or "dangerous to the
environment" (N), respectively;
are classified in TRGS 905 5)
or in the MAK-value-List 6),
as amended, as
a) carcinogenic according to EC Category Carc.Cat. 1, Carc.Cat.
2 or Carc.Cat. 3 or according to the MAK classification III1, III2 or
b) mutagenic according to EC Category Mut. Cat. 1, Mut.Cat. 2 or
Mut. Cat. 3 or M1, M2, or M3;
c) teratogenic according to EC Category Repr.Cat. 1, Repr.Cat.
2 or Repr. Cat. 3 or RE/F1, RE/F2
or which according to scientific knowledge must be classified in one of
the categories under para.3.1.2 as carcinogenic, teratogenic or mutagenic
or have sensitizing or other chronically damaging properties or which
as such or as their impurities or decomposition products are apt to cause
considerable risk or considerable disadvantage for the public.
Production-related impurities of substances under paras.3.2.1 and 3.2.2
must not exceed 0.01 weight per cent in the fabricated materials.
Notwithstanding this, carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic substances
shall be minimized in keeping with the latest technological findings.
Darüber hinaus dürfen Stoffe oder Zubereitungen 1)
die in der Bekanntmachung der Liste der gefährlichen Stoffe und Zubereitungen
3) nach § 4a Abs.1
GefStoffV 4) in ihrer jeweils
gültigen Fassung aufgeführt bzw. nach § 4a Abs.3 GefStoffV:
are classified or marked as "low-toxic" (Xn), "irritating"
(Xi), "caustic" (C), must not exceed a maximum content of 50.0
weight per cent of the limiting concentration in the final product calculated
according to Annex II, No.1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances;
are classified on the basis of their physico-chemical properties, may
be included in the final product up to a maximum content up to which a
risk marking according to Annex II, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances
4), with a symbol pursuant
to Annex I, No.2, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, or with the R-rates
according to Annex I, No.3, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, would not
If the products under para.2 include substances with a content of >
0.1 weight per cent which are not listed in the publication according
to Section 4a, para.1, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances, they shall be
classified according the Section 4a, para.3, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances;
The products under para.2 must comply with the requirements set up by
the construction supervising authority.
4 Compliance Verifications
The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements pursuant
to para. 3.1.
In addition, the applicant shall inform the
about the amounts of waste glass processed per year and used for the products
marked with the Environmental Label.
The components of the product pursuant to para. 2 shall be given under
their trade names and chemical designations in weight per cent for those
under para. 3.1.1 or in per cent by volume for those under para. 3.1.2.
The applicant shall submit Safety Data Sheets according to EC Directive
For glass-wool products made from waste glass a test certificate shall
be submitted proving that according to the current classification concept
of TRGS 905 the fibres need not be classified as carcinogenic or suspected
of causing cancer. Here, the criteria are:
- Following an intratracheal instillation of 2 mg of a fibre suspension
of WHO fibres the half-life is ≤ 40 days;
- The carcinogenity index CI is ≥ 40.
The biopersistency of glass-wool fibres can be proved by means of the
Intratracheal Test pursuant to the EU Test Report ECB/TM/27 rev. 7 (European
Chemicals Bureau, Ispra).
The carcinogenity index can be determined in accordance with DIN 51001.
For this purpose, the applicant shall submit a test certificate issued
by a testing institute holding a GLP-certificate or accredited according
to DIN EN 45001.
The applicant shall prove compliance with the relevant construction regulations
by submitting the necessary compliance verifications for the products
The applicant shall submit a Technical Instruction Sheet, including product
designation, field of application and short description.
5 Applicants and Parties Involved
Manufacturers of products according to para.2 shall be eligible for application.
The following parties are involved in the award procedure: RAL, Umweltbundesamt
(Federal Environmental Agency) and the Federal State where the production
plant is located that manufactures the products to be marked with the
6 Use of the Environmental Label
The terms governing applicant's use of the Environmental Label are stipulated
by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label to be concluded with
Within the scope of such contract the applicant undertakes to comply with
the requirements under para.3 as long as he or she makes use of the Environmental
For the marking of products according to para.2 above Contracts on the
Use of the Environmental Label are concluded. These contracts shall run
until December 31, 2003. They shall be extended by periods of one year
each, unless the contract is terminated in writing by March 31, 2003 or
by March 31 of the respective year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be
used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall
not affect the products being still in the market.
The applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an
extension of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the
label if it is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under
other marketing organizations.
The Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label shall give the following
Brand/trade name, product designation
Distributor (label user), i.e. the marketing organization pursuant to
Stoffbegriff im Sinne von § 3 Nr.1 bzw. Nr.4 der Bekanntmachung der
Neufassung des ChemG v. 25.07.1994
2) ABL EG, Veröffentlichung durch das Bundesministerium
für Arbeit und Sozialordnung im Bundesanzeiger (fortlaufend)
3) Bekanntmachung der Liste der Gefährlichen
Stoffe und Zubereitungen nach § 4a der GefStoffV (16.09.1993)
4) Verordnung zur Novellierung der Gefahrstoffverordnung,
zur Aufhebung der Gefährlichkeitsmerkmaleverordnung und zur Änderung
der Ersten Verordnung zum Sprengstoffgesetz (v. 26.10.1993)
5) Neufassung der TRGS 905 - Verzeichnis
krebserzeugender, erbgutverändernder oder fortpflanzungsgefährdender
Stoffe (Ausgabe Juni 1997)
6) MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste, Senatskommission zur
Prüfung gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe, Mitteilung 36