1 Preliminary Remarks:
In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation
and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the
results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label
Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the
Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the
Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they
comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.
The use of waste paper, especially low and medium waste paper grades,
for the production of recycled cardboard helps to reduce the waste load
caused by waste paper. Moreover, it goes without the environmental impact
usually resulting from the production of pulp and wood-pulp.
In an ecological comparison of systems paper products made of waste paper
do much better than paper products made of primary fibres using wood as
source of fibre raw material with regard to consumption of resources,
waste-water load, water and energy consumption.
These Basic Criteria shall apply to
Recycled cardboard of about 150 g/m and more.
Included are the cardboard grades listed in the Grades Statistics "Office
and Administration Papers" of the Verband Deutscher Papierfabriken
e.V (Association of German Paper Manufacturers, Reg. Assoc.) (Annex 1
to the Basic Criteria RAL-UZ 56). Excluded are cardboard products for
one-time packing purposes (packing material), except for No. 2.3.
Products made of recycled cardboard, e.g. the product line folders, files
and registry means as well as
Paper garbage bags and sacks.
3 Requirements and Compliance Verifications
The products under paragraph 2 may be marked with the Environmental
Label shown on page 1, provided that they comply with the following requirements:
The papermaking fibres of the products under para. 2 must be made of 100%
waste paper (tolerance: 5%).
Waste paper is the general term for papers and boards obtained as a result
of use or processing.
The specification of the waste paper grades can be seen from Annex 2 to
these Basic Criteria RAL-UZ 56.
The products according to para. 2 must contain at least 51% of low, medium,
kraft-containing and special waste paper grades (categories 1, 2, 4 and
5, except for the individual grades 4.01 and 4.07).
The applicant shall use List A in Annex 1 to the Contract pursuant to
RAL-UZ 56 to indicate the average share of the waste paper grades used
belonging to the categories 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. In addition, applicant shall
declare that the individual grades 4.01 and 4.07 have not been used. The
applicant shall present a product sample.
The products according to para. 2 must comply with the following requirements:
The detectable content of formaldehyde in the final product must not exceed
1.0 mg/dm2 (Analysis method: see Methods
for the testing of paper, cardboard and paperboard, in Part B II
of the 36th Recommendation of the Bundesinstitut für Gesundheitlichen
Verbraucherschutz und Veterinärmedizin (Federal Office for Consumer
Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine) "Papiere, Kartons und
Pappen für den Lebensmittelkontakt" (Paper, Cardboard and Paperboard
for Food Contact).
The products must be manufactured without the use of chemical additives
The applicant shall prove compliance with requirement 3.3.1 by presentation
of a test report by an independent testing institute and shall declare
compliance with requirement 3.3.2
The use of colorants presupposes compliance with the following requirements.
Azo pigments which may split off the following amines must not be used
Colorants (i.e. pigments or dyes) containing mercury, lead, cadmium or chromium
VI compounds as constituent parts must not be used.
The applicant shall prove compliance with requirements 3.4.1 and 3.4.2 by
presentation of a declaration of the colorant supplier according to Annex
2 to the Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 56.
No colorants, surface refinement agents and coating materials may be used
- which are classified according to Section 4a of the "Gefahrstoffverordnung"
(Ordinance on Hazardous Substances) in connection with Annex I to Directive
67/548/EEC (Publication of the List of Hazardous Substances and Preparations)
and which - according to Annex III to Directive 67/548/EEC - require marking
with the following R-set danger criteria:
R 40 (may cause irreversible damage),
R 45 (may cause cancer),
R 46 (may cause genetic damage),
R 61 (may be harmful to the embryo)
R 63 (may possibly be harmful to the embryo)
- which in the MAK-value list *),
as amended, are classified as carcinogenic or suspected of having a carcinogenic
potential according to MAK III1, III2, III3 or according to EC category
Carc.Cat1, Carc.Cat2 or Carc.Cat3,
- which according to TRGS 905, as amended, are classified as carcinogenic,
mutagenic or teratogenic substances.
The applicant shall prove compliance with the requirement by presenting
a test report (recipe test) of an independent testing institute according
to Annex 3 to the Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 56 to be submitted by the
supplier. Test reports prepared by the supplier himself shall be considered
equivalent if signed by the head of the firm's product development department
or comparable technical departments.
The processing of waste papers must be done without the use of chlorine,
halogenated bleaching agents and hardly biodegradable complexing agents,
such as for example, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and diethylenetriamine
No optical brighteners may be added for the production and refinement of
The applicant shall declare compliance with the above requirement. In addition,
applicant shall use List B in Annex 1 to Contract pursuant to RAL-UZ 56
to name the bleaching and complexing agents used.
If technical demands on individual cardboard grades or cardboard products
are laid down in German Industrial Standards (DIN) compliance must always
refer to the last-amended version of the respective standard. This applies,
for example, to: DIN 9737 Office Cardboard.
The applicant shall declare compliance with the above requirement.
3.8 Applications for Products according to Paras. 2.2 and 2.3
Applicants for products under paras. 2.2 and 2.3 shall prove compliance
with the requirements according to para. 3:
either by compliance verifications pursuant to paras. 3.1 - 3.7
by way of substitution, by means of a written declaration stating that the
finished product is exclusively made of recycled cardboard marked with the
Environmental Label. In addition, the applicant shall indicate the type
of paper and its manufacturer and submit the compliance verifications according
to paras. 3.3.1, 3.4, 3.5 and 3.7.
4 Applicants and the Parties Involved
Manufacturers of products under para. 2 shall be eligible for application.
The following parties are involved in the award procedure:
RAL, Umweltbundesamt [Federal Environmental Agency] and the Federal State
where the production plant is located that manufactures the product to be
marked with the Environmental Label.
5 Use of the Environmental Label
The terms governing the use of the Environmental Label shown on page 1 by
the applicant are stipulated by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental
Label to be concluded with RAL.
Within the scope of such contract the applicant undertakes to comply with
the requirements under paragraph 3 as long as the Environmental Label is
Contracts on the Use of the Environmental Label are concluded to fix the
terms for the marking of the products according to para. 2. Such contracts
shall run until December 31, 2005.
They shall be extended by periods of one year each, unless the contract
is terminated in writing by March 31, 2005 or by March 31 of the respective
year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be
used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall not
affect products being still in the market.
The applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an extension
of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the label if it
is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under other marketing
The Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label shall give the following
Brand/trade name, product designation
Distributor (label user), i.e. the marketing organization pursuant to para.
Maximale Arbeitsplatzkonzentration und biologische Arbeitsstofftoleranzwerte
(Maximum concentration at the place of work and biological tolerance values
for working materials), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Society
for the Advancement of Scientific Research), Senatskommission zur Prüfung
gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe (Senate Commission for the testing
of hazardous substances), Wiley-VCH Weinheim, 36th Communication (2000),
or as amended.