1 Preliminary Remarks:
In cooperation with the Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation
and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environmental Agency and considering the
results of the expert hearings conducted by RAL, the Environmental Label
Jury has set up these Basic Criteria for the Award of the Environmental
RAL, reg. assoc., has been entrusted with the award of the Environmental
Upon application to RAL and on the basis of a Contract on the Use of the
Environmental Label to be concluded with RAL the permission to use the
Environmental Label may be granted for all products, provided that they
comply with the requirements as specified hereinafter.
Flue gas desulphurization of fossil-fuel power plants produces an annual
amount of some million tons of gypsum which can be recycled or must be
disposed of as waste.
The same applies to gypsum resulting from the manufacture of various chemical
products. The high quality and saveness of these gypsums justify their
use for the production of building materials and hence the substitution
of normally used natural gypsum. As a result, scarce landfill space and
natural resources can be saved.
The increased use of waste paper, especially low and medium-grade papers,
and the use of small and waste timber also helps to ease the environmental
Award of the Environmental Label to gypsum wallboards, gypsum fibreboards
and gypsum chipboards is to promote gypsum recycling and the use of waste
paper and waste timber.
These Basic Criteria apply to gypsum wallboards pursuant to DIN 18180,
as amended, gypsum fibreboards and gypsum chipboards for interior works.
Gypsum wallboards predominantly consist of gypsum. Their flat surfaces
and longitudinal edges are covered with adhesive board depending on the
Gypsum fibreboards mainly consist of gypsum mixed with paper-making fibres.
Gypsum chipboards mainly consist of gypsum mixed with wood chips.
3.1 Gypsum used for product manufacture must be industrial residues
coming - at 100 per cent - from flue gas desulphurization plants or other
With regard to their characteristic radioactive radiation the gypsum used
must meet the requirements of the Leningrad Formula:
The fibre content of paper used for the production must
be at 100 per cent (tolerance: 5%) from low-grade, medium-grade and kraft-containing
waste paper (CategoriesI, II, IV - except for W 13 and W 41 - and V of the
List of German Standard Grades, Appendix 1 of the Basic Criteria to RAL-UZ
Wood chips used in gypsum chipboards must come at 100 per cent (tolerance
5%) from waste timber, small timber or wood residues which have not been
treated with wood preservatives.
The products under para. 2 may contain ingredients requiring marking according
to "Gefahrstoffverordung" (Ordinance on Hazardous Substances),
as amended, only if their content does not exceed 50% of the limit concentration,
as specified in Annex I to Nos. 2.1 and 2.2, Ordinance on Hazardous Substances.
Building materials subject to approval under construction laws must be equipped
with the respective approvals.
Building materials not being subject to approval under construction laws
must meet the pertinent serviceability and safety requirements, e.g. with
regard to compressive strength, loading capacity, humidity and fire behaviour
(gypsum wallboards according to DIN 18180).
4 Compliance Verifications
The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements under paras.
3.1 to 3.4. The constituents of products under para. 2 are to be given in
weight per cent.
The applicant shall indicate the origin of the gypsum used and its characteristic
radioactive radiation according to the Leningrad formula. Safety Data Sheets
pursuant to 91/155/EWG are to be presented for additives (except for gypsum,
paper and wood).
The applicant shall state in writing that the wood chips made from waste
timber, small timber or wood residues have not been treated with wood preservatives.
In addition, the manufacturer shall send annual reports to the Umweltbundesamt
(Federal Environmental Agency) by December 31 of each year listing quantities
and origins of the gypsum used, quantities of recycled board and/or recycled
paper and wood used for the products marked with the Environmental Label.
Certificates of approval are to be presented for building materials according
to para. 3.5, while technical data sheets regarding the serviceability and
safety requirements are to be presented for building materials according
to para. 3.6.
The applicant shall present product description and advertising brochures.
5 Applicants and Parties Involved
Applications may be filed by manufacturers of products according to para.
The following parties are involved in the award procedure:
RAL, Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environmental Agency) and the Federal State
where the production plant is located that manufactures the products to
be marked with the Environmental Label.
6 Use of the Environmental Label
The terms governing applicant's use of the Environmental Label shown on
page 1 are stipulated by a Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label
to be concluded with RAL.
Within the scope of such contract the applicant under-takes to comply with
the requirements as specified inpara. 3 as long as he makes use of the Environmental
Contracts on the Use of the Environmental Label are concluded for the marking
of products according to para. 2.
These contracts shall run until December 31, 2004. They shall be extended
by periods of one year each, unless the contract is terminated in writing
by March 31, 2004 or by March 31 of the respective year of extension.
After the expiry of the contract the Environmental Label may neither be
used for labelling nor for advertising purposes. This regulation shall not
affect the products being still in the market.
The applicant (manufacturer) shall be entitled to apply to RAL for an extension
of the right to use the label to the product entitled to the label if it
is to be marketed under another brand/trade name and/or under other marketing
The Contract on the Use of the Environmental Label shall give the following
Brand/trade name, product designation
Distributor (label user) i.e. the marketing organization according to para.